How to Set Up a Debt Repayment Plan in 7 Easy Steps

How to Set Up a Debt Repayment Plan in 7 Easy Steps
By: Staff
Posted: April 27, 2015's popular "How-To" series is for those who seek to improve, rebuild or better understand their subprime credit rating.

Choosing to get serious about paying down your debt is a big step. It’s a commitment you’re making to yourself to take back control of your finances.

However, just as acquiring all that debt didn’t happen overnight, paying it off won’t be a quick or easy task either. But if you are committed, you can make it happen.

Believe it or not, the biggest obstacle to debt repayment isn’t a lack of effort or of good intentions – it’s the lack of a comprehensive plan. So if you’ve finally had enough and are ready to eliminate the debt that’s been burdening your life, you’ve taken a great first step.

This seven-step debt repayment plan will help you to focus your efforts and channel your resources into ridding yourself of debt and living a more financially enjoyable life.

So let’s get started…

1. Organize your debt into categories

The first step in any debt repayment plan is to understand exactly where you are with respect to your financial obligations. Often people become so overwhelmed with their debt burden that they lose track of just how much they owe and to which creditors.

Debt Repayment Template

This debt repayment table from is a good template for how you could organize your debts.

By organizing your debt into a single list or spreadsheet, you can easily see where you stand, even if it seems terrifying. Be sure to list the amounts owed and the interest rate that you are charged on each debt.

If you think your debts are too out of control to handle yourself, considering contacting a debt relief or bankruptcy firm to help you get your finances in order.

2. Prioritize repayment

Next you’ll need to prioritize which of your outstanding debts to focus on first. While this may seem mundane, it’s actually one of the most important parts of creating a debt repayment plan.

Essentially there are two ways to focus your financial efforts: by paying off high-interest debt first or by focusing on eliminating your smallest balances first (also known as the “snowball method”).

If you have a large number of small debts, it may make sense to get them out of the way before tackling the big debts. However, paying down the high interest cards and loans first will save you more in interest charges.

3. Develop a strategy

Once you’ve listed and prioritized your debt, you can choose which payoff strategy makes the most sense for your situation. You can also decide which method will keep you motivated to continue: crossing off the smaller debts from your list or paying down high-interest debts.

In either case, you’ll need to maximize the amount you’re putting toward your debt each month and focus all of your financial efforts toward paying it off.

Once you’ve eliminated one, redirect that money toward the next bill on the list. This may mean making minimum payments on some debt until you’ve paid off the higher priority ones first.

4. Be consistent

When it comes to your debt repayment plan, consistency is key. Be relentless in your focus on paying down the debt. Just because you’ve paid off one debt is no reason to relax or to celebrate. Divert that money right into the next debt without missing a beat.

“Just because you’ve paid off one debt is no reason to relax or to celebrate.”

5. Use an app

Believe it or not, there are mobile apps that can really help you in managing and tracking your debt repayment plan. Many can also help you to identify which debts to pay off first, and how to maximize your efforts.

Using a mobile app also has the effect of tracking your progress and seeing the incremental improvements you’re making. Plus they’re just convenient to use.

6. Build your savings

A big part of staying out of debt is to make sure you have enough savings that you don’t have to put emergency expenses on a credit card.

Having savings will also allow you to pay off any credit card bills before they accrue charges, giving you an interest-free loan while you take advantage of the credit card rewards and perks.

7. Plan to stay out of debt

The final step in your debt repayment plan should include a plan to stay out of debt. This means making a commitment to change your spending patterns and your financial habits. The last thing you want is to wind up back in the hole after you’ve made all this progress.

Just as racking up a pile of debt doesn’t happen overnight, debt repayment isn’t going to come quickly either. But with dedication, desire and a step-by-step debt repayment plan, you can rid yourself of debt and stay that way. Good luck!

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